editing

UN-Monday: Ursula Nordstrom on keeping the child reader at the center of the book.

Ruth Krauss photograph, de Grummond Children’s Literature Collection The University of Southern Mississippi

No one (especially publishers and booksellers) would bemoan the crossover appeal of a book for young readers. In fact, so much of the children’s book market is dependent on the large numbers of adults with disposable income to keep those sales figures healthy. It has always been the great paradox of children’s literature that (with few exceptions, most notably S.E. Hinton, who wrote The Outsiders when she was still a teenager) these books are written by adults for children.

What Ursula Nordstrom so famously celebrated (and fiercely defended) in the books she published was the notion that children know what they like more than the “dull finished adults” in their lives. It’s an idea that still scandalizes grownups that are unwilling to consider the myriad ways in which they try to control what children enjoy in books, much in the same way we try (often in vain) to control how they behave. It’s an argument as old as children’s literature itself. In a book for young readers, who really decides what’s funny, sad, or important in “controversial” books like Captain Underpants or And Tango Makes Three? These were questions UN faced in the 1950s and her responses reflect the unflappable trust and confidence she placed in her “genius” creators and, most especially, the young readers they served.

In her February 9, 1954 letter to Harper & Brothers West Coast salesman, Jim Blake, (Marcus, 1998) UN highlights the trust required between author and editor. But most crucially, she upholds the still radical idea, that adults can and should trust kids to know what they like in a book. Writing about Ruth Krauss and Crocket Johnson’s How to Make an Earthquake,
UN reassures Blake:

“She [Krauss] knows something we don’t know…and most grown-ups don’t know…As an editor…I respect her instinct and her final judgments and when she decides that there is nothing more she can honestly do to a book I have to respect her knowledge and trust her. Because she is the one with the talent—and I’m only someone who recognizes and loves creative talent.”

Ever the risk taker (and when isn’t trust a risky business?) UN admired the determination of her authors and artists to chart new territory:

“She doesn’t do the same thing over and over again and if she ever starts she won’t continue to be Ruth Krauss. She’ll always be good but when she stops blazing new trails…she won’t be the writer she is now.”

Then, in a masterful stroke, the famed editrix coalesces what the whole business of children’s publishing is about: growth.

“Krauss books will not charm those sinful adults who sift their reactions to children’s books through their own messy maladjustments. That is a sin and I meet it all the time. But there are some adults who don’t sift their reactions to children’s books through their own messy maladjustments and I guess those are the ones who will love and buy Krauss.”

This is the unspoken agreement between editor-author-reader that UN laid claim to before a love of children’s books by adults was so widely accepted. That the book would find its best child reader, and, if it was a Really Good Children’s Book, delight the toughest critic, the child herself. She intuited that pushing boundaries at the author/editor level was the best hope for bringing the freedom and joy of reading to childhood because childish imaginations are by definition, boundless. Not every book will touch every child, but certainly, for every book, there is at least an audience of one and reaching the right reader with the right book at the right time was (and remains) worth the chance taken by all parties involved.

3 Query Tips Every Editor Hopes you Forget

Anyone who has submitted a manuscript–from published pro to the first timer–knows the feeling that sets in the second you click “send” on the query letter email. Anxiety takes hold almost immediately. Did I miss a typo? Will she like it? Will she think my letter is too short, or too long? Maybe I should have read it one more time…

Who knows? Every editor’s taste is different. One may prefer YA realism to fantasy. Another may appreciate high-concept middle grade over school tales and picture books. Some editors only publish fiction or non-fiction. But we all agree that a thoughtful pitch is the best way to garner attention no matter the genre.

So as your finger trembles over the SEND button, try to keep these things in mind:

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UN-Monday: Ursula Nordstrom’s 5 tips for writing for children

The road to publication is long and filled with missteps and restarts. No one understood that better than Harper’s venerable children’s book editor, Ursula Nordstrom. Her correspondence, so thoughtfully curated in DEAR GENIUS (Marcus, 1998), is filled with revision advice for writers at every level of their careers.

In her September 27, 1961 letter to Fred Gipson, author of the Newbery Honor-winning young novel Old Yeller, she outlines five tips for writing books for children. In her note to Gipson, they are meant to help him expand and adapt an adult short story into a possible work for child readers. However, they are a nearly accidental road map for writers of young fiction, genius in their simplicity. I’ve even created a PDF below! Click UN’s list and download it to hang on the wall of your Writing Batcave.

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UN-Monday: Why does it take so long to publish a book?

Editors rarely feel like they have enough time with a manuscript.

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Image courtesy Dasha Tolstikova

There is so much to do. Developmental editing comes first–working with the author to make sure the story is the best it can be. Does it build tension from the beginning? Is it engaging throughout? Does the ending leave the reader feeling differently than when she began? Is she satisfied? Curious? Left to wonder about herself or the world in a new way? What about illustrations? Who should illustrate? Which artist is best for this particular story? In her May 4, 1955 note to Janice May Udry, UN offers us a glimpse into why the editorial  process is arduous and lengthy.

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